Most commonly performed procedures for various body parts are as follows:
‘Nose job’ or Rhinoplasty, debulking for rhinophyma, septum deviation corrections.
‘Nose job’ or ‘rhinoplasty’ is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic surgery procedure especially in the younger age group. Nose being the most prominent part of our body cannot go unnoticed. A pleasing nose in harmony with lips and chin is considered hallmark of one’s beauty.
‘Ideal nose’ is that which suits your face the best and is in harmony with other facial features.
Nose is divided into upper fixed root, middle dorsum or bridge and the lower moveable lobule or the tip region. All these regions of the nose are amiable to change. Thus a nose that is too big, very broad, with hump or prominent bridge, very long, drooping, broad, rounded or heavy tip, short, depressed or crooked, wide and flaring can be corrected and made more pleasing.
Blocked nose with difficulty in breathing responds well to septum correction surgery or septo-rhinoplasty.
Eyes & eyelids:
Blepharoplasty or Correction of ‘Baggy Eyelids’. Lifting Eyebrows, removal of dark circles, Ectropion or ‘Hanging Lower lids’, Entropion or ‘In turning eyelashes’
Eyes are beholder of beauty. Whenever we meet and greet somebody our eyes make the first contact. Glowing eyes surrounded by well-toned clear skin of the eyelids are of paramount importance for the beauty. Eyes are also the first indicators of the advancing age. Loose wrinkled skin of the eyes, drooping eyebrows and eyelids, presence of bulgings and baggy eyelids can give a tired and aged looks to a person. Presence of excessive wrinkles or ‘crows feet’ on the outer corners of eyes can be unattractive sometimes.
Blepharoplasty or correction of all such anomalies to an extent can make a lot of difference in the outlook of a person. This is the reason that eyelid cosmetic surgery is the most commonly done procedure in elderly males and females.
Forehead lifting, removal of wrinkles and frown lines.
Forehead constitutes an important landmark of one’s personality. A well contoured forehead with no extra wrinkles and absences of frown lines gives a person often sought relaxed looks. Very deep horizontal lines or deep frown lines in the middle between eyebrows makes a person look very anxious.
Most of these problems can be very effectively dealt with procedures like:
Forehead lift, endoscopic sub periostial lift of upper third of face, carbon dioxide laser resurfacing and Botox injections.
Reduction of cheekbones or Cheek projection by implants.
Raising or making the cheek bones look more prominent is the commonest surgery for the cheeks. It normally employs placing synthetic material implants over the existing cheek bones. Surgery is done through mouth and no marks are visible outside.
Lip size reduction or increase in the lip bulk ‘Chelioplasty’
Lips can be made more prominent and fuller or thinner as the need may be.
Lip augmentation creates fuller and plumper lips. For Augmentation a natural or synthetic biocompatible material, or the patient’s own fat, is injected or implanted in the lips. Several filler Injections may be repeated periodically. Alloderm,Gore-Tex, SoftForm and soft ePTFE are some of the synthetic implants used for lip augmentation.
Lip reduction is done for very bulky or hanging lips.
Chin reduction or Chin augmentation. Reduction of double chin.
Chin surgery, also known as mentoplasty, is a surgical procedure to reshape the chin either by enhancement with an implant, bone advancement or reduction surgery on the bone. Sometimes it may be recommend to a patient having nose surgery in order to achieve facial proportion, as the size of the chin may magnify or minimize the perceived size of the nose. Chin surgery helps provide a harmonious balance to your facial features so that you feel better about the way you look.
Face & Neck:
Face-lift, Removal of wrinkles, nasolabial folds, jowls, neck lift, and neckbands correction. Botox and Fillers for scars and wrinkles. Laser resurfacing for acne scars and pores. Fat injection for hollow cheeks and other defects. Special thread face-lift.
Face lift or rhytidectomy or surgery for removal of facial wrinkles is perhaps the oldest cosmetic surgery procedure performed.
As one ages, the effects of gravity, exposure to the sun, and the stresses of daily life can be seen in the faces. Skin sags down, deep creases start to appear on cheeks, between the nose and mouth; the jaw line grows slack and jowls appear. Folds and fat deposits appear around the neck and double chin forms.
A facelift can make you look younger and fresher, and it may enhance your self- confidence. This surgery is commonly performed after the age of 40 years and there is no upper age limit.
Breast augmentation and uplift, breast reduction, nipple formation. Male Breast Reduction or Gynecomastia treatment
Breasts are the major identity of the female gender and are important determinants of female beauty and psychology besides being an important functional organ.
Breast reshaping surgery is the most commonly performed cosmetic surgery in the west. In India and Asia to the figures are fast catching up.
BREAST UPLIFT AND AUGMENTATION:
Major indications for this surgery are:
• Small size of the breasts
• Drooping or lax breasts especially after child bearing and lactation.
• Unequal or different sized breasts
• Breast volume restoration after removal of breasts as in cancer.
Reshaping of protruding ears, split ear lobule repair ‘otoplasty’.
Ears are a matter of concern only when they are abnormal in size, projection or deficient in shape as compared to the opposite ear. These defects are usually present since birth. Following types of ears require correction to avoid ridicule in young children by their peer group.
• Prominent, over projecting or ‘bat ears’
• Crumpled or cup shaped ears
• Very small or rudimentary ears
• Total absence of ear
• Ear tags or extra ear tubercles
• Loss of a part of external ear following injury
Liposuction and loose arms reshaping.
As the age advances the laxity of the skin increases. If one is overweight or has a tendency to put on excessive weight and looses it, there is often hanging of the skin flaps especially in the upper arms. Loose skin flaps in the upper arms especially when they are lifted up are cosmetically not very pleasing.
‘Tummy Tuck’ or Abdominoplasty, Liposuction for fat deposits.
Physical fitness, agility, smartness and attractiveness of a person are often judged from the size and protuberance of the belly, shape of the waist and buttock projection. Waist to Hip ratio of 0.7 percent is yet another determinant of the beauty in females. Unsightly bulges, loose hanging flaps and localized fixed deposits of fat are often accompaniments of obesity or overweight.
Premature loss of the scalp hair may be hereditary or associated with some illness. Many individuals also contest Balding due to old age.
Plastic surgery is done to restore the missing hair by transplanting one’s own hair taken from back of the scalp. Several new techniques have evolved in the field of hair transplant
Leucoderma or white patch treatment with Laser and resurfacing.
A vitiligo patch especially on the exposed parts is a matter of great concern more so in dark races of Asian origin. Some localized patches that do not show any changes over a long period of time are treated by plastic surgery.
Alterations of External Features:
Some individuals may ask for alterations in their facial features such as; changing the thickness of lips, reducing or raising the cheek bones, reducing or enlarging the size of the chin, reducing the wide angles of mandible, pushback of protruding upper jaw and teeth. Some Orientals may ask for upper eyelid fold and elimination of epicanthi skin folds of the eyes. Creation of artificial dimples is yet another demand of some individuals.