Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery, is a type of procedure performed on people who are dangerously obese, for the purpose of losing weight. This weight loss is usually achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with an implanted medical device (gastric banding) or through removal of a portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) or by resecting and re-routing the small intestines to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery).
Clinically, obesity is described as the excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards. The National Institute of Health (NIH) states that excessive weight becomes a health hazard when it is 20 percent or more above ideal body weight.
Obesity becomes a serious health risk when it becomes morbid. In such cases the patient is susceptible to serious diseases like chronic heart disease, respiratory diseases or even infertility. Called co-morbidities, these conditions or diseases may result in either significant physical disability or even death. Morbid Obesity is described as having a Body Mass Index of 40 or higher. According to the National Institutes of Health Consensus Report, morbid obesity is a serious disease and must be treated as such. It is a chronic disease, meaning that morbid obesity symptoms build slowly over an extended period of time
Some of the Procedures our Hospitals perform